Is a branch of forensic that seeks to determine from which firearm a bullet/a cartridge has been discharged, through identification of unique markings that each firearm imprints on cartridge casing and bullet surface by means of comparative analysis.

It was established in 1970 by USA trained firearm Examiner who managed it until 1974 when he was joined by two Africans. In 1997 Four graduate police constables joined. It has a total of thirteen officers trained internationally and abroad.


  • Forensic identification and examination of firearms, ammunition, bullets, cartridge cases and related evidence collected at crime scenes, autopsies, etc.
  • Gunshot residue analysis and shot pattern examination.-GSR
  • Firearm serial number restoration.
  • Shooting crime scene reconstruction services on requests.
  • Linking firearms to specific crimes and providing investigative leads to
  • Giving expert opinions before Kenyan courts of law and court martial.
  • Giving lectures on forensic firearms identification to police and other institutions.
  • Generating and populating ballistics data (on crime and state weapons).


  • Physical examinations
  • Serial number restorations
  • Test firing
  • Microscopy
  • IBIS acquisition
  • Fire-cycle-firearms data acquisition/registration


  • Ejector marks
  • Breech face marks
  • Extractor marks
  • Firing pin indentation marks
  • Bullet striation marks (LEAS & GEAS)