DEFINITION

Ballistics is a branch of forensic that seeks to determine from which firearm a bullet/a cartridge has been discharged, through identification of unique markings that each firearm imprints on cartridge casing and bullet surface by means of comparative analysis.

HISTORY OF BALLISTICS

It was established in 1970 by USA trained firearm Examiner who managed it until 1974 when he was joined by two Africans. In 1997 Four graduate police constables joined. It has a total of thirteen officers trained internationally and abroad.

CORE FUNCTIONS BALLISTICS

  1. Forensic identification and examination of firearms, ammunition, bullets, cartridge cases and related evidence collected at crime scenes, autopsies, etc.
  2. Gunshot residue analysis and shot pattern examination.-GSR
  3. Firearm serial number restoration.
  4. Shooting crime scene reconstruction services on requests.
  5. Linking firearms to specific crimes and providing investigative leads to investigators.
  6. Giving expert opinions before Kenyan courts of law and court martial.
  7. Advising investigators and administrators on the position of criminal firearms and ammunition in the country
  8. Giving lectures on forensic firearms identification to police and other institutions.